Yes, they can even get more advanced than the Macerator!
See: Crafting Guide
|1.65||Tier 1 Machines with at least 1 Transformer upgrade may now be powered by a Energy Crystal.|
|2.0||Energy Crystal now is made by compressing Energium Dust.|
Unlike RE Batteries, Energy Crystals cannot be stacked no matter how much power they have, whereas fully uncharged batteries can be stacked up to 16. Also unlike RE Batteries, right-clicking does not recharge the electric tools currently in your inventory.